Biodiversity and the changing weather patterns:
- The world is experiencing changes in weather and climate conditions
- These changes have affected both Aquatic and Terrestrial Biodiversity
- Many Species or Communities of plants and animals are now Endangered
- Biodiversity is important to the well being of the environment providing services and goods that sustain life
- Every effort should therefore be made to protect plants and animals species.
Climate change is currently considered a threat to mankind. In the coastal region of Kenya, the reality is that climate change is impacting on communities negatively as it directly affects their means of livelihoods. Climate change has resulted in disruption of agricultural systems. Rainfall has been unreliable and quite erratic. This has led to hunger and poverty. Agricultural productivity has gone down by 50% in the last five years. Maize is the popular subsistence crop that has been adversely affected by climate change. The trend analysis of rainfall characteristics showed that there has been irregularity and unreliability of rainfall. Most farmers use traditional farming practices and ordinary seeds that cannot withstand slight changes in climate. The poor methods of cultivation mean that there is inadequate supply and retention of moisture in the soil. The coping strategies so far put in place include introduction of drought resistant crops such as cassava. Challenges include inadequate supply of seeds, diseases, pests and reluctance of the local people to adapt to climate change. There is need for concerted efforts to establish copying strategies that will include indigenous knowledge, modern methods and application of appropriate technology.